Picture Of Dorian Gray

I believe a great deal of thought went into the writing of this book. It is very
detailed and in addition, it is very hard to sustain an allegory throughout. The
Picture of Dorian Gray has many thought provoking phrases and paragraphs. There
are many different literary techniques used such as foreshadowing in the first
two chapters in very subtle undertones. Also used was a great amount of detail,
which sets the mood for certain scenes, such as when, during the painting of
Dorian Grays portrait, Dorian and Lord Henry Wotton go into Basil
Hallwards garden and converse. The author wrote the book as an attack on the
British Aristocracy. It shows how the upper-crust citizen cared about what
showed on the outside and that they wanted to stay ignorant to their souls.

There are many, many hints as to this meaning in the book, for example: Lord
Henrys line in paragraph 15 of page 206, I admit that I think it is
better to be beautiful than to be good. It explains how vain he was. I
believe his character was made so utterly absurd to represent the entire upper
class of contemporary London. Even the personal meaning of the corruption of
Dorian Gray comes down to this one point. Since the masterpiece took all of the
wrinkles, lines, and decay from Dorian Gray, he kept his youthfulness. This is
what every upper-classed person would have loved eternal outer beauty. This
actually saved his life, in reference to James Vane and his revenge. Then, when
he realized how horrible he had become, he ended his own life. The whole reason
James Vane went after Dorian Gray was because of his sister, Sibyl. I felt
horribly disgusted over Dorians outburst at Sibyl Vane on her last night. He
was in love with her acting, not her, and since she couldnt play a fake
lover, because she knew what real love felt like, he became ashamed even to know
her and he did the only thing that he thought of. Another aspect of the book is
Carpe- Diem: to seize the day. After the portrait began to change, Dorian Gray
only wanted to have fun no matter what the consequences. I have to be honest,
I had a very hard time with this book in the beginning, which is stressed in my
journal. Later on, certain things came into focus and I caught on. In other
words, I saw the light. I was trying too hard in the beginning, and I looked at
in the wrong light both the book and the portrait. At first, I was
confused, I didnt know what the author was trying to say and it frustrated
me. I was trying to find the meaning of the portraits changing, and how it
fit in with a story about a man named Dorian Gray. On one level, I realized the
portrait was of his other side, his soul, just as his persona represented the
outer trappings of the British high society and, in another light, the portrait
represented the inner realism and decay of their culture. His death meant a
great deal to the story, because he finally realized his sins. He saw the
horrible things that were happening to people who were around him, and he
understood that all their problems/deaths could be ascribed to him. He got a
true sense of his conscience, and he knew what he had to do. That relates to the
ending of the Victorian Era because British society as a whole broke off some of
its false veneer.


Book Reports

House on Mango Street

The story; themes; and implications for teaching from the House on Mango Street come from showing how today’s society has low expectations for those in the inner city. This book can be used to show what inner life is like and how these people are looked at and treated by others in society. Using this book in the classroom can be beneficial because many people have negative preconceptions of what life is really like as a minority. I know that I think of inner city schools and the students that attend them as underprivileged and don’t hold them to the same standards as I do others from smaller more suburban towns. Going to Milwaukee this semester has been a culture shock and I think that reading this book compliments are experiences doing our observation and participation.
This story is about a young Spanish girl, Esperanza, who is growing up in the Latino section of Chicago. She is embarrassed of where she lives because of the poor conditions of her house, the mice that run freely around her, and the neighborhood she comes from. Her neighborhood is inner city living where the cops are looked at as the bad people in the neighborhood, homeless people sleep in the streets, and she has seen many other bad things including rape and abuse. Esperanza struggles to fit into her new home because she has moved so often. She can’t find and keep friends. Esperanza doesn’t want to fit though because all she can think about is getting out of there and having the white picket fence in the suburbs someday. She does not consider her house on Mango Street her home. It is more of a temporary dwelling until she can get out of there. She works hard at a young age to help her family with the money problems. The story is also about finding some good friends in her new home and her adventures with them.
The most interesting themes, issues and characters are Esperanza and her dreams of getting out of the house on Mango Street. This book keeps you captured by telling stories of how she wants to get out of the city and off Mango Street. They are all very interesting and this is what makes the book so fun to read. Making friends and keeping them is also an important issue in this young girls life because she moves so often.
I think these things are interesting because I can relate to wanting to get out of where I was when I was growing up. I live in a small town and always dreamed of getting rich and being able to move far away and have the house of my dreams. I remember wishing and hoping that we would win the lottery one day and I could live the life of my dreams. No work or worries about what the future holds would be how I would live my life. No matter how bad it ever gets, nobody can ever take away your dreams. It is a great way to escape from your problems and at least for a little while you can live the life you’ve always wanted to live. I think that many people live through their dreams, especially those people who come from the inner city. I think that is what helps them get through their lives in such horrid conditions. I also think that the search for good friends was interesting. I can remember when I moved away from my friends and had to start all over in a new town. It is scary when you don’t know anybody and have to try to make new friends. Many of your young childhood friends will stay with you for a lifetime. Today, I am still friends with many of my oldest friends. They have become like family.
I want to say that this novel is a great way for people to see how somebody from a diverse population lives. It is a great book from the view of somebody living a completely different life than I have lived. I think it was very well written and is easy to read. This makes it a great teaching tool for children of younger age groups or college students as well. I read this entire book at one sitting because it kept my interest the entire time. I couldn’t wait to see what Esperanza went through next and I think students will appreciate a book like this. I know that I usually get bored reading, but this book was different. It makes you want to keep reading ahead. Having it in journal or diary form also made every chapter fresh and exciting. Each chapter was only two to three pages at most so the topics switched often which helped to keep my interest. This book would be good to use in the classroom because you could have different students read the chapters aloud to the class. A teacher could also get through this book in a relatively short period of time so the entire book could be read and discussed in a matter of a few class periods. The teacher could also assign chapters for the students to take home and read because there are so many of them and they are so short. The student would have no problem understanding and reporting to class on a chapter or two.
I will want others to read it because of how short and easy it is to read. More importantly, I will want others to read it because it tells an important message. A message of what inner city life is like and how we are all just people trying to survive the best way we know how. Students should read this because having diversity in their lives will make them a better person. In my school we had one mulatto student and that was our diversity. We didn’t have classes on diversity and we didn’t read books to help us understand what life in the inner city might be like. I think that if we had read books like this in school it would have been easier to deal with people that are different because we would have had a better understanding of where they were coming from. This book is an accurate account of a Hispanic girls knowledge of growing up in the city and how she was treated. Every student should have some form of diversity and this is a good book to start with.
This book will help me better understand the perspective of a child and her family from another culture because she gave detailed accounts of what life was like for her. She talked about what it was like growing up with a name she did not like. Having two names, one in English and one is in Spanish, was a task in itself. She felt out of place like most young children do when trying to fit in with their peers. This story gave you a look into inner city life and everything that comes with it.
I will read books such as this differently in the future now after reading The House on Mango Street. It is eye opening and after taking this class and others like it, I look at these books in a different light. This book seemed like an accurate portrayal of what life must have been like for this girl and I could tell I was emotionally into it. I could feel her pain even though I have not gone through these things first hand as she has. It was a sad story but I think it got the point across without saying “feel sorry for me because I live in the inner city.”
This book can be used with students to show that people from diverse populations are just like you and me. They just want to live a healthy and fulfilling life with friends and family. Most of them are trying to make a better life for themselves any way possible. This will help my students see others as equals and not as people of lesser value. I think it can also be used with inner city children to show that nobody is going to feel sorry for them and if they want a better life than they have to earn it themselves. Nobody is going to give them free hand outs all their lives and if they want something bad enough then they have to work for it. This book can be a powerful tool in teaching that to students.
Bibliography:

My Trip To The Philippines

My Trip To the Philippines
In September 1989, when I was 11 year old, I came to Philippines during my short
vacation. My father brought the whole family, also my cousin Jimmy. We spent 5
days in the Philippines. During these five days, I realized that there were many
differences between Taiwan and the Philippines. The most difference was culture.

People’s language, behavior and also they are happy go lucky.


The first problem I faced was the language problem. Philippine was ruled by
Spanish long time ago. Most of Filipino could speak Spanish. I could not speak
their language and also English, so what ever they said I just acted like stupid.

I still remembered when I went to Cebu, in the hotel, the waiter came in to ask
me something about my room. First, I was shock, then I used Chinese to answer
her. The waiter was kind too. She started using Spanish, Japanese, French to
answer me, but he never used Chinese. If he used Chinese, then that will be the
time for me to reply. I run to my father’s room, crying, and telling that
someone is in my room and I doesn’t know why he was there. After my father
solved the problem for me. We were all laughing about it.


My father said, “In the Philippines, eating with hands are their culture, you
will never see this in Taiwan.” In Taiwan, everybody use chopsticks to eat.

Nobody will use spoon and folk to eat, because that’s a kind of hard. Just like
my first time used the spoon and folk. I doesn’t know either to use my left hand
to hold spoon or use my right hand.


People have longer weekend than Taiwan. Both Sunday and Saturday are their
weekend. In Taiwan, we can only have Sunday and half Saturday. For adults, they
even only have Sunday to rest. That’s unfair to adults. They should have longer
weekend then kids, because they worked so hard. So, adults most be exhausted
after hard work.


People are happy go lucky. They wouldn’t care much money they earn each day.

They wanted to have better life than earning more money. Whenever they got a
serious problem, like no place to overnight, they were try to find a place to
stay like bus station. But if they couldn’t find it, they won’t worry too much.

Also, when I’m in downtown, they always smile at me. They wouldn’t care where I
came from. They were show me their music, dance and even acrobatics. I really
enjoyed it, though I need to pay for it sometimes. In Taiwan, it is impossible
to see those shows. All they want is money, money and money. People wanted to
earn as much as they can, so that they will have better live in the future.

My Agreement

MyAgreement
WithSteinbecksSuggestion
SteinbecksuggeststhatinThePearl,whichhewrote,desires
ofmenandwomentendtobequitedifferentandIagreewithit.
Menandwomenhavedifferentthoughtsandtreateddifferently.Itis
truethatmenusesstrengthandwomenusesbrainsandthatmen
alwaysmaketroubles.Inoursociety,usuallymenprotecttheirwomen
andchildren.Withthisinourminds,menandwomenfeelthemselves
different,taughtdifferentlywhentheyareborn,andusuallyhave
differentdesires.Wecanlearnfrom ThePearlthatsuchasKino,
whomistheman,wouldstartthetroubleandpullsCoyotito,Whom
isKinos son,todeath.ButforJuana,thewoman,knewsomething
badwas goingtohappenwhenshesawthepearl buttonotdestroy
herhusband,Kino, sdreams,shekeepshermouthshut.Iagreewith
SteinbeckssuggestioninThePearlthatthedesiresofmenand
womantendtobequitedifferent.


Inmyopinion,Menhavestrongprideandneverwanttoloose
especiallyinstrength.AsinThePearlwhenJuana,whoisKinos
wife,askedtothrowthepearlthathefoundaway,Kinoonlythought
aboutwinningandfighting.Iwillfightthisthing.Iwillwinoverit.
Wewillhaveourchance. (P.57)Rightafterabloody fightwiththe
manwhowasaimingforthepearl,Kinobecameselfishandforgot
abouthisdreams.OnlyJuanaknewthatthepearlwasevilandtold.
Kino,thispearlisevil.Letusdestroyitbeforeitdestroysus.Letus
crushitbetweentwostones. (P.56)Butshedidnotwanttomake
herhusbanddisappointedanddidntbeghimbecauseshe knewthat
hewillnevergiveupthepearl.LikeJuana, womencaresaboutothers
feelings.


Inmyopinion,menarealsomoredidntargueaboutthisbecauseshedidnotwanttodestroyKinos
dreams.LikeJuana,womenhavepassionwhichshowsthatwomen
dontwanttohurtothersfeelings.


Ialsoth…..inkthatwomen aremorecarefulthanmen.Women
usuallyknowswhattheyaredoing,butmenmostlymakeproblems.
WhenKinosaid, Iamaman. (P.57)
ItmeantthatKinowoulddrivehisstrengthagainst
amountainandplungehisstrengthagainstthesea.Juana
inherwomanssoul,knewthatthemountainwouldstand
whilethemanbrokehimself;thattheseawouldsurge
whilethemanddrownedin it. (P.59~60)
ThismeansthatJuanaknewthatKinoisfightingwithsociety
andwouldcollapse.KinoacceptedthiswhenCoyotito,Kinosson,
died.Thisshowsthatmenrushintothingscarelessly.


Ithinkthatwomendesiresofmenandmendesiresofwomen.
LikeJuanalovedandneededKinoandthought,
Andyetitwasthisthingthatmadehimaman,
halfinsaneandhalfgod,andJuanahadneedofaman;
shecouldnotlivewithoutaman.Althoughshemightbe
puzzledbythesedifferencesbetweenmanandwoman,she
knewthemandacceptedthemandneededthem(P.60)
AsthequoteexplainsthatawomenlikeJuanawantandneeda
manlikeKino.


InKinosheadtherewasa songnow,clearand
soft,andifhehadbeenabletospeakofit,hewould
havecalledittheSongoftheFamily.(P.2)
TheSongoftheFamilyshowstheloveofhisfamily,Juana
andCoyotito.KinofellinlovewithJuanaandtheloveofneeding
shownintheSongoftheFamily.


ThereforeMenandwomenarehavedifferentthoughtsand
taughtunequally.IfiguredwhatSteinbeckwastryingtoshowabout
menandwomenhowJuanaandKinosthoughtsaboutthepearlwere
different.Juanahadwisedecisionswhichmeantwomendontmake
problemsthanmenmake. SoIagreewithSteinbeckssuggestionthatoftenselfishthanwoman.
WhenKinosaid,Nooneshalltakeourgoodfortunefromus, (p.57)
heonlythoughtabouthimselfand madeeveryonehisenemy.Juana
desiresofmanandwomentendtobequitedifferent.

Ernest hemingway vs. f. scott fitzgerald

F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway, though both evolved from the same literary time and place, created their works in two very dissimilar writing styles which are representative of their subject matter. The two writers were both products of the post-WWI lost generation and first gained notoriety as members of the American expatriate literary community living in Paris during the 1920’s. Despite this underlying fact which influenced much of their material, the works examined in class dramatically differ in style as well as subject matter. As far as style, Fitzgerald definitely takes the award for eloquence with his flowery descriptive language whereas Hemingway’s genius comes from his short, simple sentences. As for subject, Hemingway writes gritty, earthy material while on the other hand Fitzgerald’s writing is centered around social hierarchy and longing to be with another person. Although the works that these two literary masters are so uniquely different, one thing that they have in common are their melancholy and often tragic conclusions.

To explore the two distinct writing styles, one can begin with how the stories do. (That is, how they begin too.) The opening paragraphs of Fitzgerald’s “Winter Dreams” and Hemingway’s “Indian Camp” epitomize the basic difference between their writing styles. “Winter Dreams” begins, “Some of the caddies were poor as sin and lived in one-room houses with a neurasthenic cow in the front yard, but Dexter Green’s father owned the second best grocery-store in Black Bear-the best one was ‘The Hub,’ patronized by the wealthy people from Sherry Island-and Dexter caddied only for pocket-money” (1504). “Indian Camp” starts out, “At the lake shore there was another rowboat drawn up. The two Indians stood waiting” (15). The thoroughly descriptive four-line, one-sentence opening versus the two-lines consisting of two sentences demonstrates Fitzgerald’s exploitation of words as opposed to Hemingway’s less is more principle with his multiple short and simple sentences.
Another distinction between the two styles is that Fitzgerald narrated much of what the characters think and feel whereas Hemingway, for the most part with the exception of “Soldier’s Home,” let action and dialogue reveal the story’s message. “Winter Dreams” offers a complete narrative of the central characters’ thoughts from the beginning when Dexter’s winter fantasies are related to the reader to the end when his image of Judy is shattered and lost youthful passion for life is realized. “Even the grief he could have borne was left behind in the country of illusion, of youth, of the richness of life, where his winter dreams had flourished” (1519). The exact same is true about “Babylon Revisited” as in the final paragraph provides a clear view into Charlie’s mind. “He would come back some day; they couldn’t make him pay forever. But he wanted his child, and nothing was much good now, beside that fact. He wasn’t young any more, with a lot of nice thoughts and dreams to have by himself. He was absolutely sure Helen wouldn’t have wanted him to be so alone” (Norton Anthology 1511). Now to look at Hemingway, “The End of Something” reveals the characters through dialogue and it is via this medium that the reader learns most of what the story is about. ” ‘I feel as though everything was gone to hell inside of me. I don’t know, Marge. I don’t know what to say.’… ‘Isn’t love any fun?’ Marjorie said” (34). “A Clean, Well-Lighted Place” lets the reader get to know the three main character’s through the dialogue between the two waiters before shifting completely to the perspective of the old waiter wherein the concepts discussed between the two are clarified. It is through their conversing that one learns of the customer’s suicide attempt along with an understanding of why he wanted to die. This understanding is made possible through the older waiter’s ability to relate to the old man. Furthermore, this dialogue conveys the younger waiter’s lack of empathy and understanding which allows one not only to grasp his psyche but also what sets him apart from the other two. “‘You have youth, confidence, and a job,’ the older waiter said. ‘You have everything.’ ‘And what do you lack?’ ‘Everything but work.'” It is also from these lines that the reader discovers that the one thing preventing the older waiter from replicating the actions of the old man is the fact that he has a job. In “Indian Camp,” everything is exposed to the reader through description and dialogue with the exception of the last paragraph which allows insight into the child’s naivet concerning his own mortality. The discovery of the Indian father’s death is an objective description and it is not until Nick talks with his father that it is confirmed a suicide and the true life and death theme of the story is fully realized.

As mentioned before, the subject matter of both writers was influenced by the time in which they wrote despite obvious differences in subject. This is evident in the representation of the decadence of the 1920’s which is thematically of great importance in The Sun Also Rises and The Great Gatsby. Furthermore, one cannot overlook the presence of WWI in many of their works. One similarity consistent throughout Fitzgerald’s above mentioned writings, “Babylon Revisited,” “Winter Dreams,” and The Great Gatsby, which sets him apart from Hemingway is that each one is about a man struggling to attain someone with whom he is enamored which in all three instances is female. Fitzgerald uses his trademark poetic style to romantically describe these objects of desire as from “Winter Dreams,” “Her arms, burned to butternut, moved sinuously among the dull platinum ripples, elbow appearing first, casting the forearm back with a cadence of falling water…” (1509-10). Descriptions such as this one are representative of the idyllic fantasy present in Fitzgerald’s work. Hemingway, on the other hand, portrays more earthy subjects that are similar to his simple writing style which lacks beauty and eloquence. One portion of his writing that exemplifies this concept is in “A Clean Well-Lighted Place” on page 421 in the second half of the lengthy paragraph in which the word nada is used 21 times. Not only does the meaning of that work connote the obvious nihilistic message, but the fact that so much is said with the repetition of one word is pure Hemingway in its use and imagery. By comparing the discussed samples from the two authors, it is obvious not only how their styles differ but also how their styles represent their two contrasting subject material.

In conclusion, despite the various differences discussed above, one similitude between the two is that their stories all end in a negative if not tragic tone. In each of the Fitzgerald stories the main character loses what he desires and dreams of obtaining. Not only does this happen to Gatsby, but he is also tragically murdered in a case of mistaken identity. Hemingway’s endings also force the reader to sympathize if not pity the characters whether it be the boy’s navely innocent belief of self-immortality, Nick’s and Marjorie’s break up, Krebs’ emotionally dead stoicism, or the loneliness of the old waiter.

Jaques Speech Act In As You Like It

In William Shakespeare’s As You Like It the speech act is introduced and helps to create a unique insight into the play and its events. Shakespeare integrates a speech act by Jaques to deliver a deeper meaning and lesson to the audience or reader of the work. Jaques in his speech act conveys a message with a much deeper meaning and teaching to society in general. The speech act rendered by Jaques addresses the themes of satire, philosophy, and the ages of man.

Jaques starts his speech act by stating that
” All the world’s a stage,
And all the men and women merely players.

They have their exits and their entrances,
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages.” (II, vii, 139-143)
Jaques has turned to philosophy in his search for a new identity, and as a philosopher he starts to question what he sees and hears around him. This drives him to offer this speech act where he sees the world as a stage upon which people perform. Their different ages signify varying acts and scenes in As You Like It. The descriptions presented by Jaques lead one to believe that the roles are somewhat beyond the player’s control and perhaps even that the script has been set by an eternal power.
Jaques addresses the topic of satire utilizing a unique way to convey the message to the audience or reader. A mention is made of the infant who “mews and pukes in the nurses arms “(II, ii, 144-146). He describes the event in such a graphic manner in order to paint a clear picture of the situation in the audience’s mind. Jaques later relates how “a whining schoolboy, with his satchel and shining morning face creeps to school (II, vii, 146-147). He goes on further to describe how the “lover, sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad made to his mistress’ eyebrow (II, vii, 147-148). Jaques takes his satirical approach further as he states that “the justice, in fair round belly with good capon lined, with eyes severe and beard of formal cut … plays his part” (II, vii, 153-156). Jaques finally ends his satirical approach by telling how at the end of life one is left “sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything”(II, vii, 166). He makes his point of the life that is lead by many in society and achieves his purpose through the usage of satire to do so.
Jaques handles the issue of philosophy in his speech act in a way that enhances the rest of the play. As he states that ” all the world’s a stage and all the men and women merely players ” Jaques poses a philosophical view of the situation being addressed. He opts to use symbolic means to express his feelings about the behavior of humans in society in which humans simply play out their lives on stage. Jaques goes on to say that ” one man in his time plays many parts, his acts being seven ages” (II, vii, 2-3). He categorizes the stages of life into seven significant categories which all contribute to man’s ultimate end. Jaques expresses a very pessimistic view of life and society in general through his philosophical examples.

As his speech act continues, Jaques makes a remark about the seven ages of man and how they add to man’s ultimate end. Jaques breaks up the stages into infancy, schoolboy, lover, soldier, justice, a ridiculous old man or “pantaloon” and finally the stage at which one has no teeth, eyes, taste, or anything else (II, vii, 158). He regards infancy as a stage in which a child is so dependent upon a nurse or other helping hand. The infant then develops into a schoolboy who can be reluctant to attend school at times. This boy has already grown into a person who now begins to feel and act according to the feelings. The next stage encompasses one in which the man develops into a lover who will sing a ballad if necessary and who may not always be the most loyal husband or lover. The next stage as a soldier turns into one in which he is proud to serve and “quick to battle in order to build reputation” (II, vii, 149-151). This is a man now who is ready to serve his country and fight for a necessary cause. The man then develops into a justice who can be imperfect in many ways. Besides a “fair round belly”, he can be influenced by outside forces to sway a ruling or mold a case a certain way. As he approaches the old man stage, the individual begins to act in certain ways that bring ridicule unto himself. The last stage of all encompasses the old age of the man and leaves him without any senses or anything else, according to Jaques.

The speech act rendered by Jaques addresses the themes of satire, philosophy, and the ages of man. He conveys his deeper message to the audience or reader of the work through an elaborate and interesting method. He satirizes justices, a lover and even relates how at the end of the road one is left without any senses. He is able to depict the stages of man through real-life situations. Jaques also achieves integration of philosophical themes into his speech act. He turns into a philosopher as he analyzes and reflects on how people in society behave. Jaques relates this speech act in such a way that magnifies the effect of the play on the audience or reader of the work.

The Lieberman Factor

The Lieberman Factor
The repercussions of Democratic Presidential candidate Al Gore’s seminal selection of Senator Joseph Lieberman as his running mate are not only helping to decide the presidential election, but also are being felt on the wider national Jewish and political scenes. The Vice Presidential selection was a transparent attempt by Gore to distance himself from President Clinton’s scandals. Joe Lieberman has often been referred to as the “conscience of the Senate”. He has repeatedly denounced the pornographic and violent products of Hollywood. Lieberman was also the first Democrat in the Senate to denounce Clinton during the Lewinsky affair, though he didn’t vote for impeachment. The political wisdom of Gore’s pick of Leiberman was immediately confirmed. Gore had been trailing 17 points in the polls prior to the selection of Lieberman, but within a few days Gore was tied with Bush in the polls. At that time there was a chorus of approval for Lieberman. Literally, no one had anything bad to say about him. Indeed, Republican Vice-Presidential candidate Dick Cheney stated his wish that Lieberman was a Republican.
The one element that now permeates Lieberman’s public persona has been his religion. He is of course the first Jewish Vice Presidential candidate. Yet, if Lieberman were just ethnically Jewish, he would not be as historically unique as he is. There have been Jewish Prime Ministers in Europe, such as Leon Blum of France. Unlike those men, Lieberman is an Orthodox Jew. For the Jewish community this appointment is critical, because both the Jewish right and left constantly assert that the only way that the Jewish people can be acclimated to modern society is at the expense of the Torah. Joe Lieberman may help prove this concept wrong. Lieberman, an Orthodox Jew and a Senator at the same time, was chosen precisely because of his religion, from where his morals stem. Lieberman has spread his belief that religion must play a more prominent role in public life, on the campaign trail. Thus, he has been accused of attempting to violate the separation of church and state.

Religion has held a helpful and constructive role in the general outlook of Presidents since Washington. In fact, Lieberman has referred to Washington’s statement that there is no morality without religion. Both Jefferson and Lincoln constantly called upon G-d in their writings. Truman wrote a letter to the Pope referring to America as a “Christian nation”. Eisenhower inserted in the national anthem “under god” and the national currency “in God we trust”. What animated the thought systems of these men was the idea that a higher deity, or history, or destiny, was on their side. This idea served as a way to legitimize the often-unsavory means to acomplish vastly important ends, such as when Eisenhower overthrew the socialist, democratically elected leader of Guatemala. This act on a small scale destroyed democracy in one Central American country, but on a larger scale kept the Western Hemisphere safe for democracy.

Through this habit of mind various Presidents used religion to validate secular goals. This practice, though necessary, has always been dangerous too. First of all, there is the pernicious temptation of breaking one’s own principles temporarily to establish them later on. Secondly, there is the need to maintain the separation between church and state. From Lieberman’s acceptably vague call for more religion in public life, it is not a long road to Bush’s unacceptably specific “Jesus day”. Sometimes the line between beneficial and right use of religion and destructive and wrong use of religion can get so blurred that there is no line at all. It is too soon to tell how Lieberman and his religious beliefs will effect the election, the Jews and the nation.


Political Issues

Dyslexia Problems

The problem that effects one out of every ten kids
in the United States of America is dyslexia. Although to some people this
disorder may be very noticeable, it can really sneak up on you. Most of
the time kids with dyslexia aren’t recognized until they are about eight
or nine. The most important thing to remember is that is takes time to
solve, and sometimes cannot be cured at all. Dyslexia develops during the
first six months of gestation . Neurons are churned out in the brain’s
ventricular zone. Attached to fibers, the neurons travel to the cerebral
cortex, which contains the language centers. Here they hit a barrier,
stop and take their place in layers above previously deposited neurons,
(which is normal). In the brains of dyslexics, how-ever, there are
breaches in the barrier and the neurons enter them, leaving clumps of
nerve cells called ectopias, which appear to interface with the brain’s
ability to receive and transmit certain messages. They are now finding
that dyslexia can run in the family. If you or your other relatives have
dyslexia that means that there is a chance that your own child could have
it. Unlike what most people think, dyslexia is not to be blamed on the
parent for negligence in teaching reading and writing. Dyslexia is not
any ones fault it simply occurs when the barrier in the language center of
you brain cracks. In some experiments done by the University of Montreal,
they are comparing good adult readers to dyslexic adult readers. In most
cases the adult dyslexics were at about the high school level. When the
adult dyslexics were compared to third graders in matching sounds with
letters, they scored below the eight and nine year olds that were tested.
It’s not just a visual problem, actually they can see the letters fine, it
is more of a comparing problem. Dyslexics usually cannot spell simple
words by just hearing someone speak them to them. Some of the most
confusing words for them are cat and dog. Although over time the symptoms
can be fine-tuned, they never go completely away. As said before dyslexia
is not a disease it cannot be cured with any pill or medicine. The only
cure so far is many long and slow classes of multisensory sessions. These
sessions go through each letter, sound, syllable, etc. until other parts
of the brain help the person to recognize the letters in another helpful
way. The fact that you child may have dyslexia doesn’t mean that they will
be unsuccessful. Some examples of people who have to live(d) with
dyslexia are people like Whoopi Goldberg who is famous for her many roles
in the movie industry, another person is Albert Einstein who is famous for
the theory of relativity, and Winston Churchill the former Prime Minister
of England. As you can see these people were very successful and
influential in their life. In conclusion I have found that children are a
real threat to this disorder, especially in the United States of America.
We may not have the highest illiteracy rate in the world but the children
still need all the language and speech classes that they can fit in their
schedule. Children usually find the ability to read very boring and
unimportant. What we need to be teaching them is how much the skilled
reader is important to the world around them and that they cannot do many
things without being able to read. They also need to learn that they
should treasure the fact that they can read, because the children of the
world with dyslexia are much worse off than they are. Dyslexia is a very
serious problem and needs to be researched further.

Water1

WATER THE LIQUID OF LIFE, HOW CAN WE SAVE IT
Water, H2O (-* H+ +OH- hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion. These ions participate in many important biochemical reactions. Ann Christensen,Arizona Biology Network). The most basic and most needed building block of life. It is also one of the most important, because there is no way we can live without it. If tomorrow all the fossil fuel in the world ran out, we could go any number of ways, but if the water all the water ran out tomorrow. We would be in a whole lot of trouble. With out water there would simply be now life on this planet. From the time the water of this planet started to cool the compounds we have today were forming. At about 3.55-4.55 billion years ago (scientist still can not agree stating the volatile condition of are young planet at the time due to volcanoes, earthquakes, comets, and asteroids. But when ever the first life form appeared which was cyanobacteria. The orinism was cyanobacteria a unicelluerl life form, from it came many other life forms, I do not know enough about the theory of the origins of life to go into further detail.

Lets look at the way water gets to us. Lets look at its history, its evolution, and its present form today. As early as the ancient Romans waste control has been around though in rudimentary ways. Later during the Middle Ages cesspools and privy vaults were developed, when they were full the first sanitary workers came and emptied them at the owner’s expanse. Then onto the 19th and 20th centuries, were vast advances have been made from running water to indoor plumbing, we no longer through trash and refuge into the streets, (during the last few centuries that was one of the major causes of epidemics and deises). We can get water from several sources not all will be clean and safe to drink but they are there. While the United States of America has an abundeced of fresh water (clean drinkable water) that is not true for the rest of the world. Many places rely on aquifers that stores groundwater say a desert where there is rarely any water. And in places with presicis little space for farming underground water stores are a godsend to the farmers. An aquifer can be a confined space or an unconfined space. A confined aquifer is between two layers of rock, and is at a high pressure making it a perfect choice for a well.
Water, what do we do with it, to it, and for it? Water has an innumerable amount of uses in all facets of life, from bathing, to drinking, playing in, cooking with, or any other manner it can be used in. But in using water we also make it dirty.
Clean water, seeing how 97% of the water that covers the earth is contaminated in some way, “clean” is a relative term. Is it little wonder that sense the beginning of time people have flocked around, and built grand cities around major water ways, new Orleans is a great example. And when people gather, so are there those that wish to control them through force, poisoning a main well as treacherous as it sounds was a tactic used regularly in the before, during and after the dark ages.

What my experiment was meant to show.

By doing this experiment I was hoping to gain more information on the plight are world suffers, the plight that a country such as the U.S. has an abundance of water, but much of it is not drinkable. To put in perspective the usage of water in the United States of America, as of 1995, American citizens were using:
Thermoelectric less then 1% percent
And all that came from 402,00 million gallons per day (as of the 1995 U.S. DOI report, Bruce Babbitt secretary). But what is all that water used for? Over the last decades we have developed more and more machines that require large amounts of water to cool them and keep them from over heating, that is just one of the industrial sectors applications of water, there are many, many other means of using water, like one that I learned of in the course of my studies was that water is used in mining for such things as separating minerals to dust collection. After usage this water passes through a purification plant which is were I had my tests conducted because I wanted them to be as accurate as possible. The readings were as follows:
As you can see from the diagram Bottled water is the best choice to drink. This is what I thought would happen. seeing how bottled water sets for a long while before selling it is able to settle which helps the water. I hope this expariment ahs been as instiful to you as it has been to me, I have learned many things about the water process I did not know when I first started, till now I did not know that lime was added as a chemical into the water we drink every day. Things like that is what gives me my love for science, little facts like that.


Bibliography:

Antigone

In Ancient Greece, life was full of complicated questions centered around the
expanding field of science. Freedom of religion was encouraged to be exercised
in the city-states and man was focused on more than the Gods or heavenly
concerns. As a result many new ideals and beliefs surfaced. These new ideals and
beliefs, though good in intentions, often conflicted with one another and
created complex moral dilemmas. Such was the case in Sophocles play Antigone
that was written in this era. In the play, Antigone and Creon battle a
philosophical war concerning their ideals. They both base there actions on what
they believe is right and wrong. The conflict arose when their ideals that
backed up their actions on the burial of Polyneices clashed, creating a
contradiction between morals. Antigones side of the conflict held a much more
divine approach, as opposed to the mundane path Creon chose to travel. Antigone
feels that Creon is disregarding the laws of the heavens by ordering it unlawful
for anyone to provide a proper burial for her brother Polyneices. Antigones
opinion is one that supports the Gods and the laws of the heavens. Her reasoning
is set by her belief that if someone were not given a proper burial, that person
would not be accepted into heaven. Antigone was a very religious person and the
acceptance of her brother by the Gods was very important to her. Creons order
was personal to Antigone and his edict invaded her family life as well as the
Gods. An important ideal in Ancient Greece was the belief that the government
was to have no control in matters concerning religious beliefs. In Antigones
eyes, Creon betrayed that ideal by not allowing her to properly bury her
brother, Polyneices. She believed that the burial was a religious ceremony, and
Creon did not have the power to deny Polyneices that right. Antigones strong
beliefs eventually led her to death by the hand of Creon. Creons actions are
guided by the ideal that man is the measure of all things. Creon believes that
the good of man comes before the Gods. An example of Creons belief was the
unburied body of Polyneices. Creon doesnt want to give honor to a man who
attempted to invade and conquer his city. He denies burial for Polyneices to
show respect for Thebes. From this standpoint, Creons decisions for denying
burial for Polyneices are completely just and supports the ideals. Creons
reasonings coincide with the Greek ideals except for two that strongly
contradicts his actions. The first is that Creon exercises complete domination
of political power. He defies this ideal by holding Antigone as his prisoner and
not the publics. The people of Thebes supported Antigone but were too scared to
do anything about it. Creon found out about this through his son Haemon. The
second is freedom of religion. By denying Antigone to perform burial ceremonies
for Polyneices, he is denying Antigone the ideal that supports freedom of
religion. The contradictions between the beliefs of Antigone and Creon are
strong throughout the play. Neither of their arguments dominates the other even
though they are both right and wrong at the same time. Antigone is following
divine law while Creon is trying to protect the integrity of the city-state. In
the end, Creon was convinced to set Antigone free after he weighed the factors
and debated the ideals. But it was too late. The contradiction of ideals was the
cause of Antigones, Haemons, and Megareus death. Both sides were just and all
beliefs were supported. The downfall is that Creon had to decide the
unanswerable, and determine right from wrong when there was no clear answer.